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Headline data

Data source: Federal Statistical Office (Destatis)

Geographic coverage: Germany

Unit of measurement: Percentage

The international organisations (custodian agencies) that are responsible for the respective SDG-indicator publish methodical explanations for the indicator - the so-called global metadata.

Here, national time series that fit the global metadata best as well as their comparability with the global metadata are presented. Please find further methodical and country-specific information in the related national metadata.

Time series available

Proportion of R&D expenditures to GDP

Comparability with the global metadata

The time series is compliant with the global metadata.

National metadata Metadata on the presented time series opens in a new window
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This tab provides relevant information on the SDG indicators - such as the political target, the primary responsible organisation (custodian agency) and a link to the global metadata. The global metadata is provided by the Uited Nations Statistics Division.

Target

Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending

Indicator name

Research and development expenditure as a proportion of GDP

Tier category

Tier I

Custodian agency

UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UNESCO-UIS)

Global metadata Metadata on this indicator opens in a new window